Location of Jaipur
Jaipur, known as Pink City of Rajasthan, is capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Being close to Delhi and Agra, the three Indian cities of Delhi-Agra-Jaipur collectively form a triangle and in parlance of Indian tourism, this Indian tour circuit is known as 'Golden Triangle'. Jaipur serves as the centre for east Rajasthan, from which tours to various tourist destinations of Rajasthan can be made- southward to Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary, Kota and Bundi, westward to Ajmer and Pushkar, eastward to Alwar and Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary and northward to the Shekhawati region.
In contrast to Delhi and Agra which are flat topographically, it w ill be pleasant to discover that Jaipur is surrounded by hills. Another pleasant difference between Jaipur and Delhi and Agra is also clearly visible. Jaipur is, though, one of India's large cities but most of the tourist attractions of Jaipur are within the eighteenth-century walled precinct. Only the prominent tourist places of Jaipur like Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Albert Hall (which houses the Central Museum) are outlying the walled city.
Jaipur was the first planned city of medieval India and was constructed as per 'Vastu Shastra'. Although Jaipur bustles like any other Indian city, streets of Jaipur are wide and laid out in a simple-to-follow grid pattern. Its architect rigidly controlled all aspects of construction, personally inspecting building materials as they were delivered. Architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya and King Jai Singh divided the city into six blocks, each of which was allocated to a specific trade. These blocks were separated from each other by wide avenues and narrower streets criss-crossed each block in straight lines. In the centre of the city was situated a separately walled palace for Jai Singh, who moved from Amber Fort to City Palace. Important buildings of medieval Jaipur were completed by 1733 and a water supply was connected to the new city by a canal from the river two years later.
The very entry into Jaipur will unfold several cultural aspects. Immediately noticeable are the men's brilliantly-coloured turbans and exuberant moustaches. The turban worn by the Rajput is not designed to protect uncut hair and it never seems to have had any religious significance for the Rajput. The turbans are symbolic of many aspects like social stature, community, caste and class. It is also in Jaipur that many will see working camels and elephants for the first time. The elephant' tasks take place in nearby Amber and consist of transporting tourists from the foothill of Amber Fort to the hilltop, where the main gateway of Amber Fort lies.
Jaipur is one of the five major cities of Rajasthan. Unique to Rajasthan, each of the five cities are basically different in colour: Bikaner red, Jaisalmer gold, Jodhpur blue and Udaipur white. Jaipur is pink and, as at Jodhpur and Udaipur, the colour is achieved by paintwork, not by a natural building material, most of which is rubble. To mark the visit to Jaipur of the Prince of Wales, later king Edward VII, in 1876, Ram Singh II decreed that the buildings of Jaipur within the walled area should be plastered and painted pink, to imitate the ubiquitous red sandstone of north India's Mughal monuments. Upkeep by the owners became, and still is, mandatory.
The 18th century city of Jaipur is surrounded by a castellated wall. The old city of Jaipur may be entered from ten gates, five of which punctuate the south wall.
Tourist Attractions of Jaipur
Jaipur is home to various famous historical monuments, royal gardens, bustling market, nice restaurants and culturally colorful ambience all around. Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Jal Mahal,Hawa Mahal, City Palace and Albert Hall offer a tourist a lot to watch and appreciate.
How to reach Jaipur
Jaipur by Air: Jaipur is the most visited tourist destination of Rajasthan, India. Every Golden Triangle Tour and most of North India Tours essentially cover Jaipur as representative of Rajasthani culture. Jaipur has a full-fledged airport near Sanganer, about 16 kms from Jaipur. Jaipur, hence, is well connected to several major cities of India by daily flights of state owned Indian Airlines and several private air taxi operators.
Jaipur by Rail: The exotic Rajasthan destination of Jaipur is well connected to Delhi, Agra, Jodhpur, Ranthambhore, Bikaner, Udaipur and other parts of India.
Jaipur by Road: Being a prominent tourist destination of Rajasthan, India; Jaipur is well connected with Delhi, Agra, Jodhpur, Ranthambhore, Bikaner, Udaipur and other parts of India.