Rang Mahal Red Fort Delhi

The name of the next pavilion, Rang Mahal (Palace of colour), derived from its brightly painted interior, which has been lost. This appears to have been the most important of the women's pavilion and was possibly occupied by the chief sultana or queen. The ceiling was originally of gilded silver studded with gold flowers but most was stripped by the invaders, only traces remaining in the end pavilion. Paving and the walls carved with reliefs are of marble.

Arches divide the area into rooms, through each of which passes a marble water channel, known as the Nahr-i-Bihist (Stream of Paradise), leading into a lotus- shaped pool in the central hall. Apparently, the floral shaping of the pool agitated the water in a picturesque manner. This water channel passed through all the private pavilions, its cooling effect being of great importance during Delhi's blisteringly hot summer months. The Rang Mahal lies immediately behind the Diwan-i-Am, stressing its importance; much more accommodation was originally provided for the royal ladies but to the south, all was demolished by the British in 1857.

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