Old Delhi is the name by which the mid-seventeenth-century walled city of Shahjahanabad is now generally known. It incorporates the Lal Qila (Red Fort) at its eastern extremity, Chandni Chowk, the main shopping street, with its warren of fascinating alleyways, in the centre, and the Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque) to the south. This is the most confusing as well as the most colourful sector of the huge, sprawling city, and a personal Delhi tour guide is recommended in the Chandni Chowk area. Shahjahanabad, the penultimate Delhi to be built and the most northerly located, was originally bordered to the east by the River Yamuna, but the course of this has gradually moved away, leaving mud flats, most of which have been transformed into commemorative gardens, in sections of which the great and the good are cremated.
A start of Old Delhi sightseeing tour is recommended at the entrance to the Red Fort. After the Red Fort as been seen, a circular route is followed, ending at the Jama Masjid, just south of where the itinerary began.