Mosques in Agra Fort

Reached from the north-west corner of Meana Bazaar's upper arch is the mosque built of marble by Shah Jahan for the ladies of the court. In spite of its small size, the Nagina Masjid (Gem Mosque) is triple-domed.

Immediately north of the north range of the Diwan-i-Aam's courtyard is the most important of Agra Fort's mosques, the Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque). Shan Jahan built the Moti Masjid but it was not completed until 1653, 5 years after he had transferred the court to Delhi. Considering that it was only planned to serve the palace, the dimensions are surprisingly large. Red sandstone forms the courtyard's external wall. Its great gate is reached from a double stairway. Inside the mosque,however, all is faced with marble, carefully selected for its whiteness. On three sides of the courtyard, the cloister is supported by fifty eight marble columns. An ancient sundial on an octagonal pillar stands south-east of the central ablutions tank. Chattris decorate the roof line, but, architecturally, the design of the mosque is less successful than most of Shah Jahans's work. The three identical domes fail to provide a focal point above the seven-arched screen. A black marble inscription likens the mosque to an exquisite pearl.

A small mosque near Musamman Burj, where Shah Jahan was incarcerated by his own son Aurangzeb, was built by Aurangzeb for Shah Jahan so that he could not move within the Agra Fort. This mosque is now known as Mina Masjid.

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