Design & Layout of Taj Mahal
But perhaps the most important feature of the buildings is its dimensions. Uniquely among India's Mughal buildings, the height above podium level of the Taj Mahal almost precisely equals its diameter: the building would thus fit neatly within a cube. Renaissance architecture discovered that, for some unknown reason, cubic dimensions are particularly appealing, a discovery that was put into practice by the English architect Inigo Jones, who invariably designed his rooms in multiples of cubes.
Shah Jahan was particularly fond of Hindu-style cusped arches. Even the Jama Masjid in Delhi demonstrates Hindu-style cusped arches, but here, the clean lines of the Persian arch appear throughout, with no examples of foliation. In fact, apart from the four 'chattris' clustered around the dome and the metal finials; Taj Mahal is a very 'Persian' building.
As the steps to the podium are reached, it will be noted that they form the only asymmetrical feature of the building. It seems strange that a double flight was not constructed thus preserving complete symmetry. Footwear must be discarded at this point.
On the pavement of the podium the marble shimmers but is clearly not dead white in the manner of Italian carrara marble, as it often appears to be in photographs. Almost every slab incorporates veins of grey and cream; some even have a green or pinkish hue. The stones came from the Makrana quarry near Jaipur and Makrana marble was the marble used almost exclusively for Mughal buildings. Makrana marble's smoky quality is chiefly responsible for the material's pearl-like appearance and changing response to variations in light. Makrana marble is still quarried and utilized for better-quality artifacts.
Agra Tour Packages
Taj Mahal with Ajanta Ellora Tour
Highlights :Delhi - Agra - Fatehpur Sikri - Jaipur - Udaipur - Mumbai - Ajanta- Ellora
Taj Mahal With Jodhpur Tour
Highlights :Delhi - Agra - Fatehpur Sikri- Jaipur- Jodhpur - Delhi
Tajmahal with Haridwar & Rishikesh
Highlights : Taj - Mahal - with - Haridwar - Rishikesh